What research is being done?
3 recent studies offer important information about amblyopia and its treatment.
The study, An Evaluation Of Treatment Of Amblyopia In Children 7 To < 18 Years Old (ATS3), shows that many children ages 7 through 17 with amblyopia may benefit from treatments that are more commonly used on younger children. Previously, eye care professionals often thought that treating amblyopia in older children would be of little benefit.
The National Eye Institute's Amblyopia Treatment Study: Occlusion Versus Pharmacologic Therapy for Moderate Amblyopia (ATS) did testing in 47 clinical sites to determine that using atropine eyedrops, when placed in the unaffected eye once a day, works as well as eye patching and may encourage better compliance.
In addition, A Randomized Trial Comparing Part-time Versus Minimal-time Patching for Moderate Amblyopia (Two v. Six) found that patching the unaffected eye of children with moderate amblyopia for 2 hours daily works as well as patching the eye for 6 hours. Shorter patching time should lead to better compliance with treatment and improved quality of life for children with amblyopia.